Wood sculpture is one of the most popular folk art branches in the past and in the present. Until Soviet occupation, this branch was exclusively sacral, subjects were selected from Catholic church teachings, history and iconographies. Prayer book illustrations, various holy pictures, devotionals and especially Lithuanian church art were samples to country sculptors. This example was originally supplemented by written sources - the Bible, especially appreciated lives of Saints, hymns ( sung during various occasions, however most related to funeral rites ). Folk sculptors created thousands of sculptures ( all polychromatic ), monumental forms, with simple expressions, moderate and showing big emotional stress. These sculptures ( often severe ) were placed onto crosses and into chapels. Most of them not large ( 20-40 cm. tall, some statues were 1-1.5 m. tall ).
There are several large groups - Christ's, Virgin Mary's and Saints'. In the first group, prevails the theme of suffering ( Crucified, Nazarene, Crucifix, Sorrowful, Pieta ). Among the most popular saints are John Nepomukas, John the Baptist, George, Anthony, Izidor, Agnes, Barbara and Ann. Twenty other, rarer sculptures can also be found. A separate group is made of traditional Stations of the Cross sculptures, found in village churches and in chapels. There was an abundance of folk sculptures in the 19th century, all the artful features were maintained until the middle of this century, until the natural development of this branch was cut off by Soviet occupation. Many sculptures, together with crosses and wayside chapels were destroyed, many fell into decay, some found place in museums, some have been preserved in natural surroundings until today. The years after the war, until the rebirth of Lithuania can be considered as full of secular content, folk sculpture's rise and development years. Themes of secular fret works - work, life, holidays, folklore ( especially heroes of legends and fairy tales ), belles-lettres ( most books about country characters ), mythology, ethnography, various Soviet life actualities and war. Quite uncommon to traditional folk sculpture - humorous, satirical sculptures and compositions to which are given not only vital types but folklore characters, devils' and witches' shapes. During that period, no color was added to the sculptures - carvers' attention was directed to beauty of wood surfaces and revealing expressiveness, figure's monumental static expression, changes in movement dynamics, various deformations, origin of decorative elements.
Large number of sculptures created in the fifties and seventies ( designated for exhibits and as souvenirs ), did not meet the art quality of works of ancient folk craftsmen, however, this period created numerous great folk talents. Among them Lionginas Ðepka, the first to be mentioned, created sacral themes, distinctly joined sculptural plastics with ornaments ( continuous exposition of his works is at the Rokiðkis Museum of Regional Ethnography ). Interesting nature works are left by A.Mockus, S.Riauba, somewhat later came forth the talent of I.Uþkurnis and many others. 
From 1988, when rebirth of Lithuania began, there were no more restrictions, many secular and sacral carvings were created, Catholic theme sculptures and some repetitions imitating classic cultural heritage or reflecting craftspeople's efforts to create distinctly traditional, sacral interpretations. During recent years, there have been two sculptural subject layers - sacral and secular. I.Uþkurnys and V.Valiukevièius, G.Dudaitis and R.Butkuvienë, A.Jusevièius and A.Skiesgilas, A.Petrulis and A.Tarisius, K.Nemanis and L.Perekðlis - a small number of today's talented craftspeople, whose works are distinct traditional continuance, evidencing the vitality of this branch of folk art, integration into present day art and culture development.
In Lithuania, stone sculptures' traditions are not as developed as wood sculptures, but there were and are some interior stone sculptures, mainly in exhibition halls, those outdoors are mainly of commemorative nature. According to many views, stone sculptures are closely related to wood sculptures. 
Most distinct, present day sculptors were J.Liaudenskis and J.Adomaitis ( both are dead ). There are several young stone sculptors, taking an active part in exhibits.